Treatments

Fixed Braces

Fixed braces are the most common braces you will see people wearing and they are designed to straighten your teeth. They are a type of brace which is glued to your teeth and patients can not remove them. A fixed brace is made up of small metal or ceramic squares (brackets) which are linked together by a wire running through the middle of them. These braces usually take 18-24 months to straighten your teeth and will need adjusting by your orthodontist every 6-8 weeks. Once your teeth are straight your orthodontist will remove the braces for you and fit a retainer.

Functional Braces

These braces are a type of removable brace which need to be worn all the time, including sleeping and eating if possible. These braces are designed to help bring your lower jaw forward.

The brace comes in two separate parts, a top removable brace and a bottom removable brace, which fit together in the mouth. Each piece has clips which grip onto the teeth holding it in place. Both the top and bottom pieces have plastic blocks on it which slot together in the mouth helping to hold the bottom jaw forward.

This brace usually takes 9-12 months to work and will need adjusting by your orthodontist every 6-8 weeks. Functional appliances are often used as a first stage in treatment which takes approximately 12 months and will be followed by a further 12-18 months of fixed braces to fully straighten the teeth.

Removable Braces

Removable braces are braces which patients can put in and take out themselves, but do need to be worn all the time, including eating & sleeping. They are usually used to correct minor problems or they are sometimes used alongside fixed braces. Because removable braces are used to correct a wide range of conditions, the timescale for treatment varies but your orthodontist will explain to you how long you need to wear it for. A removable appliance will need to be adjusted by your orthodontist every 6-8 weeks.

Removable Braces

Removable braces are braces which patients can put in and take out themselves, but do need to be worn all the time, including eating & sleeping. They are usually used to correct minor problems or they are sometimes used alongside fixed braces. Because removable braces are used to correct a wide range of conditions, the timescale for treatment varies but your orthodontist will explain to you how long you need to wear it for. A removable appliance will need to be adjusted by your orthodontist every 6-8 weeks.

Retainers

At the end of any orthodontic treatment you will be given retainers to wear. Retainers can be removable or fixed and play an extremely important role in your treatment. Retainers are designed to hold your teeth in their straightened position. If your braces were just removed and nothing was holding your teeth in their new position then your teeth would move back again.

Removable retainers are usually worn full time (day & night) for 3 months. You must remove the retainers for eating and cleaning. At 3 months we will check your teeth and then you usually only need to wear them in bed at night. Your orthodontist will recommend how long you need to do this for.

Permanent retainers are glued to the back of your front teeth and are usually in place on a long term basis. Your orthodontist will advise you whether you will need a permanent retainer.

Invisalign

Your Invisalign treatment consists of a series of nearly invisible, removable aligners that you change every two weeks for the next set of aligners. Each aligner is individually manufactured for your teeth, and your teeth only. As you replace each aligner, your teeth will move – little by little, week by week – until they have straightened to the final position prescribed by your dental practitioner.What’s more, a virtual 3D treatment plan (ClinCheck®) shows the series of movements your teeth will go through over the course of the treatment. This allows you to see upfront what your teeth are expected to like at the end of the treatment. From the results of the ClinCheck, your custom-made, clear aligners are produced especially for you.If you’re ready for a smile that transforms your appearance, Invisalign is your answer. Although there are many choices out there, no other treatment works as comfortably as Invisalign.Invisalign is the best way to transform your smile without interfering with your day-to-day life.

 

Invisalign Teen

Introducing Invisalign Teen – the clear alternative to conventional braces which has been designed with today’s teenage patients in mind.

Invisalign Teen™ is part of the Invisalign product family developed with teenagers, parents and leading orthodontists who understand the active lifestyles and unique treatment needs of teenage patients.

Invisalign Teen uses the same Invisalign technology as used for adult aligners, moving teeth gradually with each set of clear, comfortable plastic aligners without the need for metal or wires.But because teens (and their mouths) are constantly on the move, we’ve added a few special features.

– Blue wear-indicators fade from blue to clear to help your dental practitioner, you, and your teen gauge wear time.

– Special design compensates for the eruption of canines, second premolars and second molars.

– Six free individual replacement aligners are included in case any get lost or misplaced.

Invisalign Teen is clear, comfortable and best of all its almost invisible, helping teenagers feel more confident and increasing self esteem whilst in treatment.

Live life!

As Invisalign Teen aligners can be removed it has minimal impact on normal daily life. Teens can:

– Continue to brush, floss and maintain normal oral hygiene throughout treatment.

– Continue with regular daily activities such as eating and drinking what they want, playing sports and/or musical instruments.

Wireless

Invisalign Teen Aligners are made of lightweight plastic that is custom-made to each patient’s teeth so there are no wires or uncomfortable metal brackets that could cause irritation to sensitive mouths or gums.

 

FAQ

No, not if you don’t want to. If you are happy with the appearance and function of your teeth then you don’t have to have any treatment you don’t wish to.

Having your braces fitted does not hurt. However when the braces start to move your teeth, your teeth can be uncomfortable and tender to bite on for up to 4-5 days. This can be overcome by any painkiller that you would usually take to get rid of a headache. E.g Paracetomol, Ibuprofen.

Your braces will feel tighter when they have been adjusted and this can make your teeth ache for a couple of days, but this is not usually as uncomfortable as when you first had them fitted. Again, any pain is normally relieved by painkillers.

On average braces are adjusted every 6-8 weeks, however depending which stage of treatment you are in sometimes the orthodontist may recommend a different length of time between appointments.

It depends on what type of brace you have and the complexity of your individual case, but your orthodontist will advise you at the start of treatment how long each stage of treatment will take. An average course of treatment takes approximately 18-24 months followed by a further period of wear of your retainers.

Sometimes in order to straighten teeth you may need to have some teeth removed to make enough space. Everybody is different and your orthodontist will design a suitable treatment plan for you which may possibly involve having some teeth removed. However this will be discussed with you and it is your choice if you want to go ahead with braces.

Yes usually colours are available with our braces.

It is really important that you avoid hard, chewy sticky foods like sweets/caramel & chewing gum as these can break your brace.
Fizzy drinks & natural fruit juices should also be avoided because the acid in these drinks help to break down the enamel  and attack the tooth surface around your brace causing bright white marks on your teeth which are permanent.
Hard foods such as apples, raw carrots/veg, French bread, pizza crust etc should be cut up and chewed with your back teeth instead of biting straight into them.
We also ask you to not bite your nails or chew pen tops etc, which could break your brace.

If you have a removable brace, functional appliance or removable retainers then you must remove these whilst playing any contact sports such as hockey & rugby etc. You also should remove them for swimming.
If you have a fixed brace and play a lot of sport then we advise you also wear a mouth guard over the top of the appliance to protect your brace and teeth.

If you break your brace we advise that you contact the clinic as soon as possible so we can repair any damage, please don’t wait until your next routine appointment. If the brace is not attached to your teeth then it is not working. If you break your brace then your treatment could take longer to complete.

Each type of brace requires really good cleaning. Braces can trap plaque & food which can cause your teeth & gums damage. Your orthodontist will show you how to clean your brace depending on what type of brace you have. Cleaning your brace is easy and does not usually take much more time than ordinary tooth brushing. There are special brushes available to clean around your brace and you will be shown these when you have your brace fitted.

No, you’re never too old for braces. Braces work in the same way whether you’re a teenager or an adult. As long as your teeth & gums are healthy then usually an orthodontic treatment plan can be made. Orthodontics on the NHS however is only available if your teeth are fall into particular categories of something called the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need and you are under the age of 18. Any orthodontic treatment after that age would be on a private basis. Your orthodontist will explain everything to you.

The cost depends on the problem being corrected and what is involved. There are many different treatments available, and the cost depends on the types of braces used and estimated treatment time for completion. However the orthodontist would make you a detailed treatment plan breaking down all the treatment costs, stages of treatment and timescale. Please refer to our fee guide for further information.

Yes. Any tooth movement needs to be held in place with retainers. This can be on a long term or permanent basis.

The main risk is damage to the teeth and surrounding gums. This can be decalcification (damage to the enamel causing permanent marks) or gingivitis (swollen, bleeding gums) or caries (tooth decay). These are generally caused by not looking after your braces properly i.e. not cleaning well enough and eating/drinking things we recommend you should avoid. If any of these problems occur then your orthodontist would inform you and help you to overcome these problems. If these problems continue then we would advise you to stop the orthodontic treatment to save the health of your teeth.